Ubuntu

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Ubuntu is a free, open-source operating system built on Debian, and is perhaps the most popular Linux distribution. It has access to thousands of free software applications and can be used as a common desktop or as various types of servers. Ubuntu is pronounced /u'bun.tu/, or "oo-boon-too". It's most recent stable version is 10.04 and its default browser is Mozilla Firefox.

Installation

Getting Ubuntu

To download a Desktop Version of Ubuntu click here.
To download a Netbook Version of Ubuntu click here.

Installing

Installing Ubuntu needs to be done in two steps. First you need to install the .ISO on a flash drive. Then you will be able to install Ubuntu on your computer. Make sure to backup any important data before installing Ubuntu.
Step 1
Once you download the Ubuntu .ISO file create a USB drive for it. To do this insert a USB drive with at least 2GB of free space and download the Universal USB Installer and install the program. Select the appropriate (desktop or netbook) Ubuntu version when prompted for an Operating System and then click Create. On the next page use Browse... in Step 2 to choose the .ISO file. For Step 3 select the USB drive on which you are putting the Ubuntu installation. Click Create.
Step 2
Insert the USB and restart your computer, booting to the USB drive. Click Install Ubuntu and install it to your hard drive. The next few screens will set your personal preferences for Ubuntu. When the installation has finished restart your computer.

Application Menu

Accessories

Terminal: The terminal is used for a variety of commands. You can retrieve your IP address by opening terminal and typing ifconfig . The IP address follows inet addr:

Places Menu

Computer: This allows you to see the different drives and folders on your computer including the trash folder, hard drives, and flash drives.

System Menu

Preferences

About Me: This allows you to change your password by clicking on the change password button. This also allows you to insert contact information as well as other personal information such as websites and street addresses.
Appearance: This allows you to change the theme, background, fonts and visual effects for the GUI.

Administration

Users Settings: Here you can change user settings and privileges. To add a user click the Add button. To delete a user select the user and click the Delete button. To change user privileges go to Advanced Settings and select the User Privileges tab.

Management

Add/Remove Applications

If you don't need some of the installed software anymore, you can open again the Add/Remove Programs application and uncheck this time the software you want to remove. Click the Apply button when you are done and a confirmation window will appear; hit the Apply button again and the software will be uninstalled.

Updating the System

To update your system open Terminal and input apt-get update and then hit enter.

Power Off

To power off your computer click on the power icon in the upper right hand corner. There you can lock the screen, switch users, log out, suspend, restart or shut down


Related Links:

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubuntu
 http://www.ubuntu.com